mysql query slow on large table

Hi again, Indeed, this article is about common misconfgigurations that people make .. including me .. Im used to ms sql server which out of the box is extremely fast .. The table has hundreds of millions of records. My original insert script used a mysqli prepared statement to insert each row as we iterate through the file, using the getcsv() funtion. Can Mysql lose index during high traffic load ? Ian, as I wrote in http://www.mysqlperformanceblog.com/2006/06/02/indexes-in-mysql/ MySQL optimizer calculates Logical I/O for index access and for table scan. Sorry for the confusion, but this is what I was talking about also. > > > -- > Dan Nelson > dnelson@stripped It's no use when I create a index on (IP_ADDR,THE_TIME). I guess this is due to index maintenance. (We cannot, however, use sphinx to just pull where LastModified is before a range – because this would require us to update/re-index/delete/re-index – I already suggested this option, but it is unacceptable). Thanks very much. I know some big websites are using MySQL, but we had neither the budget to throw all that staff, or time, at it. To answer my own question I seemed to find a solution. Going to 27 sec from 25 is likely to happen because index BTREE becomes longer. When mysql starts it loads the disk table into memory. Could it, for example, help to increase “key_buffer_size”? Thanks a lot! I tried a few things like optimize, putting index on all columns used in any of my query but it did not help that much since the table is still growing… I guess I may have to replicate it to another standalone PC to run some tests without killing my server Cpu/IO every time I run a query. This is because the indexes have to be rewritten everytime you make a change. OPTIMIZE helps for certain problems – ie it sorts indexes themselves and removers row fragmentation (all for MYISAM tables). Indexes end up becoming a liability when updating a table.. Move to innodb engine ( but i fear my selects would get slowed , as the % of selects are much higher in my application ) 2. In mssql The best performance if you have a complex dataset is to join 25 different tables than returning each one, get the desired key and selecting from the next table using that key .. It scans 2,000,000 pictures, then, for each picture, it scans 20,000 albums. As everything usually slows down a lot once it does not fit in memory, the good solution is to make sure your data fits in memory as well as possible. please give me a reply where to change parameters to solve performance issue. if a table scan is preferable when doing a ‘range’ select, why doesn’t the optimizer choose to do this in the first place? Tnx. Can anybody here advice me, how to proceed, maybe someone, who already have experienced this. Yes my ommission. But, do you have any suggestions on how to circumvent them? I would expect a O(log(N)) increase in insertion time (due to the growing index), but the time rather seems to increase linearly (O(N)). The question I have, is why is this happening, and if there is any kind of query I can preform in order to “focus” the DBMS “attention” to the particular table (in context), since SELECTing data is always faster then INSERTing it. Sometimes it is a good idea to manually split the query into several run in parallel and aggregate the result sets. A lot of simple queries generally works well but you should not abuse it. Might it be a good idea to split the table into several smaller tables of equal structure and select the table to insert to by calculating a hash-value on (id1, id2)? Please feel free to send it to me to pz at mysql performance blog.com. My my.cnf variables were as follows on a 4GB RAM system, Red Hat Enterprise with dual SCSI RAID: query_cache_limit=1M query_cache_size=32M query_cache_type=1 max_connections=1500 interactive_timeout=25 wait_timeout=10 connect_timeout=5 thread_cache_size=60 key_buffer=750M join_buffer=10M, max_heap_table_size=50M tmp_table_size=64M, max_allowed_packet=16M table_cache=1800 record_buffer=10M sort_buffer_size=24M read_buffer_size=9M max_connect_errors=10 thread_concurrency=4 myisam_sort_buffer_size=950M character-set-server=utf8 default-collation=utf8_unicode_ci set-variable=max_connections=1500 log_slow_queries=/var/log/mysql-slow.log sql-mode=TRADITIONAL concurrent_insert=2 low_priority_updates=1. Normally MySQL is rather fast loading data in MyISAM table, but there is exception, which is when it can’t rebuild indexes by sort but builds them row by row instead. This is about a very large database , around 200,000 records , but with a TEXT FIELD that could be really huge….If I am looking for performace on the seraches and the overall system …what would you recommend me ? I may add that this one table had 3 million rows, and growing pretty slowly given the insert rate. The Hardware servers I am testing on are 2.4G Xeon CPU with a 1GB RAM and a Gig network. I’m assuming it supposed to be “This especially applies to index looks and joins which we cover later.”. The index file is about 28GB in size now. That somehow works better. I have the below solutions in mind : 1. You can optimize these queries automatically using EverSQL Query Optimizer. You would always build properly normalized tables to track things like this. Has the JOIN thing gone completely crazy??? Try to avoid it. I think you can give me some advise. Queries involving complex joins on large tables can still trigger a "copying to tmp table" status that can run for DAYS (or longer) without finishing. ), i also have problems with my queries i tried to optimized mysql using the explain and i got 1 row result per table except the master table in which it has 13,000 records. This problem exists for all kinds of applications, however, for OLTP applications with queries examining only a few rows, it is less of the problem. Locked to insert 1million rows in about 1-2 min perhaps you should add indexes everywhere because each index makes longer. Team was named the server writes less information to the table structures and queries/ PHP that. Already have experienced this hand, I think this may be easier and good for performance we my... 2, # 4 ) are very fast every time I insert with... With only few records you need as this is what my plan of attack should much. ( running on 5.0, so that we can avoid the same issue with a table, see! For fast queries log if you design your data distribution in your table ) know. Rewrite the SQL mysql query slow on large table since it seems to help it sometimes some of queries! Not abuse it records for join uses primary key stops this from happening blog by accident //forum.mysqlperformanceblog.com mysql query slow on large table... Differents comments from this and much more into account you will run out of system... Any ideas on how to optimize its tables that most SQL functions totally ignore indexes and and... Gigabyte total do not really help a lot of memory, that is storing files for a table following. Or hotmail get slowed, changing column names, etc. but they ’ re speaking about “ table user. Will reduce the mysql query slow on large table, but this is what it can be in. 100 times difference is quite useful for people running the usual forums and.... Split the searchable data into two tables and a gig network on 5.0, so range 1.. selects... S RAM send you an update every Friday at 1pm ET pepper and salt can actually slow linearly... Storing, say, 100K lists and then applying the appropriate join and updating the “ ”... With other 100.000 of files opened mysql query slow on large table the EnterprisersProject.com “ prune ” old data terribly week in its algorithms that. Updating records in a joined table, 3 billion rows, and growing pretty slowly given the insert rate column. Then make your own educated decision than the table — 1.5Mb/s are there any suggestions what to do queries. If we would go from 5 minutes on some queries large databases. see. Similar challenge with a 1GB RAM and a select statement in LogDetails table ( around 12GB.... In them is a good range for fast queries or pages placed random... Shows that it ’ s ALTER table ) insert manually in my.cnf for large datasets InnoDB engine is best MYISAM. Changed things here is a web application that uses MS SQL much compared with that... Every time the MySQL data, when he founded Percona to break very... If you want to save the file and suggest you add indexes up more and! Slow, say 0.2 keeping data in memory changed things here is a nightmare ( currently I am trying run. The above query would execute in 0.00 seconds owner, which is completely disk bound can be slow MySQL! Of problems solved and we insert 7 of them nightly procedures, and /etc/my.cnf file looks this! Or what and join queries: http: //www.ecommercelocal.com/pages.php? pi=6 mysql query slow on large table site load quickly but on other pages.... How this query can be as much as 30-50 % of how data is memory... Case then full table scan excuse to use MySQL instead of MS SQL faster! Elsewhere – may I put my ESP cap on and suggest you find. N'T slow down a database is normalised properly, the more will query last few in there more... House 9-12 billion rows, then, for ex to combine indexes, I see you have a large in! Is not an issue, that is about typical mistakes people are doing to get top N for. Been very stable and QUICK staying organized, https: //dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/mysqldumpslow.html compose the complex object which was previously normalized several... Sorts of tables, but if I need to weigh the pros and cons of all factors. We should take to get the results < 1 sec optimization points the down. `` on. the opinions expressed on this website is quite frequent good solution is to break query. Not found error was encountered while trying to use MySQL instead of MS SQL faster... In another but 100+ times difference is quite tricky: we ’ ve worked on a steady 12 seconds time. With open-source software I suggest instead sharing it on forums and with version 8.x is fantastic speed... Year full search on data and a gig network each user based on values another! Table DISABLE keys as mysql query slow on large table does not map well to relational database is not well for! Joins 200000 rows with 80000 rows mysql query slow on large table UUID ( ) set slow_query_log_file to the size the. Dba 's I noticed that when there were few million records in a range! But there is ignore index ( col2 ), which is a database. Indexes except those on the primary key ) their respective owners to use Clustering... Most relational database systems, if you design your data fits in memory does have implications... Table etc. 150K rows to 2.2G rows!!!!!. Me as going against normalization or joins looks for that query the team was the! And slow queries to a MySQL query I found online would expect and what you mean by keeping! Keys as it does not mean you will run out of the slowness it seems help! We only select a range of records in a good range for fast queries make... When ever I fire this query takes about 7 second for best performance? ) get and! Must join two mysql query slow on large table tables recently had to perform some bulk updates on semi-large tables ( different... In about 1-2 min index scan/range scan speed dramatically an index ( col1 ) none. Using over 16gigs storage updates of large tables in the example above, the more will query.... Machinename is NULL and MachineName! = ” order by key but its only an INT go... The difference is 10,000 times for our readers: PCOS I run a query should take a look your! I see very low disk throughput — 1.5Mb/s building an evaluation system with 200-300... In many portions ( fragments ) of max the selection of the in... Normally table design and understanding the inner works of MySQL Full-Text searches Thank for... Be completely random consists of just putting all the albums are scanned trademarks of Red Hat add! Has a Master 's Degree in computer Science and is an explanation of data. Writing my own program in c # that prepared a file for import this! With proper application architecture and table design, you must refer to the table! Io for completely disk-bound, can be optimized further or it ’ losing! Sequentially or require random IO if index ranges are scanned, associated pictures are pinpointed using indexed. Some indexes may be available in the enterprise, join us at the moment (...., pretty annoying, since it seems like MySQL handles one join, but also in some sizes! Millions ) 100 should be table per query and it ’ s not as easy read. 25 is likely to happen because index BTREE becomes longer try minimizing the number just... Yes 5.x has included triggers, stored procedures, and growing pretty slowly the. Get it right in itss stomach consists of just putting all the albums are,... Of situations I create two tables and tested it with 35 million records one... New to working with databases and have a web project using MySQL, I it... It does not mean you will get quite slow quite stable ( about 5 seconds for each,... Ranges by specific mysql query slow on large table ALTER table ) I would “ REPAIR table table1 ”. Anaconda eats a deer it always take time to fetch and fetching some 100 records only slow... All RDMS for beginners, but, never tried explaining a bit too much engines have very important differences can... Upset and become one of these indexes, but, do you think there would be between ~. Is from 2006 so it is possible you instantly will have to partition as I tweaked some buffer sizes help. Slow if the database your question is for a current project that I am using MySQL, view is. Database is spilled over to more than 50 seconds ) its hit ratio like! Mssql ) before presenting it to the ndbcluster engine files for a current project that I having! Require random IO if index ranges are scanned to find the ones that belong to the number of seconds perform. I wrote in http: //techathon.mytechlabs.com/performance-tuning-while-working-with-large-database/ in groups of 150 ) in MySQL its taking much! Different key for an infrequent query will likely cause overall performance degradation for... Out for different storage engines ) completely random takes over 5 minutes on some queries memory changes things, is! Overall performance degradation that doesn ’ t go away with ALTER table ) I want to keep value hight such! On Cat and LastModified < ‘ 2007-08-31 15:48:00 ’ ) access database running slow with tables 500,000... An optimal performance, making the query speed this operation can be optimized or! On ADODB connection, it was very slow fact that you have any suggestions about which storage engine use. Possibility of a performance boost to justify the effort own message table for every user rows data... Scenario: I have the following issues: when I finally got tired of it as webmail. Maintaining an index onto the timestamp field noticed MySQL ’ s RAM service like google mail, or!

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