Asherah's connection to Yahweh, according to Stavrakopoulou, is spelled out in both the Bible and an 8th century B.C. Asherah pole - An Asherah pole is a sacred tree or pole that stood near Canaanite religious locations to honor the Ugaritic mother-goddess Asherah, consort of El. The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty. The Asherah pole was prohibited by the Deuteronomic Code which commanded "You shall not plant any tree as an Asherah beside the altar of the Lord your God". It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow to it, and many peoples shall come, and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.” For out of Zion shall go the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the king's sons who were being put to death, and she put him and his nurse in a bedroom. Was the name of a goddess whose worship was widely spread throughout Syria and Canaan; plural Asherim. Even Maacah, his mother, King Asa removed from being queen mother because she had made a detestable image for Asherah. ‣ In that day the Lord with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea. And the king went up to the house of the Lord, and with him all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the priests and the prophets, all the people, both small and great. The Goddess in the Hebrew Bible ââââââ The Bible states upon arrival, the ancient Israelites began worship of the goddess Asherah (Judges 2:13; 10:6). For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts!” ... And they abandoned the house of the Lord, the God of their fathers, and served the Asherim and the idols. And his father-in-law, the girl's father, made him stay, and he remained with him three days. 1 Kings 18:19 ESV / 20 helpful votes Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel. Ahab did more to provoke the Lord, the God of Israel, to anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him. T Asherah also refers to a cult object (carved from wood or formed as a pole) thought to represent the goddess. Now Ahaziah fell through the lattice in his upper chamber in Samaria, and lay sick; so he sent messengers, telling them, “Go, inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this sickness.” But the angel of the Lord said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say to them, ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron? Moreover, the altar at Bethel, the high place erected by Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, that altar with the high place he pulled down and burned, reducing it to dust. He trusted in the Lord, the God of Israel, so that there was none like him among all the kings of Judah after him, nor among those who were before him. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel. God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: “How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. The association of the word with pagan worship is unquestioned by scholars. Her association with mountains in Babylon may be a hint to her Canaanite origins. Hear, you peoples, all of you; pay attention, O earth, and all that is in it, and let the Lord God be a witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple. Answer: Asherah, or Ashtoreth, was the name of the chief female deity worshiped in ancient Syria, Phoenicia, and Canaan. In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: Then Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel. Or, perhaps, what is asherah? See more. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies. Ascribe to the Lord, O heavenly beings, ascribe to the Lord glory and strength. And the king went up to the house of the Lord, and with him all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the priests and the prophets, all the people, both small and great. The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.” Ah, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, offspring of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! The Asherah pole was prohibited by the Deuteronomic Code which commanded "You shall not plant any tree as an Asherah beside the altar of the Lord your God". ‣ Asherah, along with Astarte and Anath, was one of the three great goddesses of the Canaanite pantheon. Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. The pillars of heaven tremble and are astounded at his rebuke. Although many see evidence for Asherah being an individual goddess known to the Israelites, some scholars believe that the context of the word primarily denotes it as a cultic object, as Mark Smith suggests in The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel, 2nd Edition. None went out, and none came in. I call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies. Asherah was a fertility goddess, and in some traditions was considered to be the wife of El and the mother of most other gods. And his concubine was unfaithful to him, and she went away from him to her father's house at Bethlehem in Judah, and was there some four months. So, we have a complicated picture of the Old Testament. That night the Lord said to him, “Take your father's bull, and the second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal that your father has, and cut down the Asherah that is beside it and build an altar to the Lord your God on the top of the stronghold here, with stones laid in due order. In Canaanite religion her primary role was that of mother goddess. However, the specific name of Astarte is also found in the Bible, such as in Judges 2 and 1 Samuel 7; therefore, if there is a connection between Asherah and Astarte, they were also sometimes differentiated for reasons unknown. He leads me beside still waters. And he broke in pieces the bronze serpent that Moses had made, for until those days the people of Israel had made offerings to it (it was called Nehushtan). 4 In the dictionary, this is the definition of Asherah: 1. an ancient Semitic goddess, sometimes identified with Ashtoreth and Astarte, worshipe And they chopped down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and he cut down the incense altars that stood above them. When all this was completed, all Israel who had attended went out to the cities of Judah and broke up the sacred pillars, chopped down the Asherah poles, and tore down the high places and altars throughout Judah and Benjamin, as well as in Ephraim and Manasseh, to the last one.Then all the Israelites returned to their cities, each to his own possession. The Kingdom of Israel occupied that part of the land... Jezebel (d. c. 842 BCE) was the Phoenician Princess of Sidon who... Judean pillar figurines are an interesting and specific form of... Tyre is an ancient Phoenician port city which, in myth, is known... As early as the 10th century BCE, Israelite and Judean religion... Found in the northeast part of the Sinai Peninsula, the 8th-century... Coogan, Michael D. & Brettler, Marc Z. The relation of this goddess to the pole called Asherah in the Bible is a difficult problem. And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest and the priests of the second order and the keepers of the threshold to bring out of the temple of the Lord all the vessels made for Baal, for Asherah, and for all the host of heaven. Until the discovery Downey, April. ... A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet, according to Shigionoth. Then the king sent, and all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem were gathered to him. Ancient History Encyclopedia. And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and walked in all the way of David his father, and he did not turn aside to the right or to the left. Contact me: openbibleinfo (at) gmail.com. Judg 2:3; 6:25; 1Kin 18:19 Ashtoreth being, perhaps, the proper name of the goddess, whilst Asherah is the name of her image or symbol, which was of wood. ... A Psalm of Asaph. Asherah. Between the 10th century BC and the beginning of their exile in 586 BC, polytheism was normal throughout Israel; it was only after the exile that worship of Yahweh alone became established, and possibly only as late as the time of the Maccabees (2nd century BC) that monotheism became universal among the Jews. God had just remade the Ten Commandment tablets, and Moses had requested God graciously forgive the Israelites for worshiping the golden calf. He will not look to the altars, the work of his hands, and he will not look on what his own fingers have made, either the Asherim or the altars of incense. Was âasherahâ an object meant to represent a goddess, did it denote a class of goddess, or was it the name of the Goddess Asherah Herself? As soon as Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard how Joshua had captured Ai and had devoted it to destruction, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were warriors. Asherim are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the books of Exodus, Deuteronomy, Judges, the Books of Kings, the second Book of Chronicles, and the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Micah.The term often appears as merely אשרה, (Asherah) referred to as "groves" in the King James Version, which follows the Septuagint rendering as ἄλσος, pl. Most modern translators of the Bible have treated âAsherahâ as a â¦ He also removed Maacah his mother from being queen mother because she had made an abominable image for Asherah. Publisher: OpenBible.info. What is the transgression of Jacob? His heart was courageous in the ways of the Lord. And the hand of Midian overpowered Israel, and because of Midian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens that are in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds. Bless the Lord, O my soul! ‣ Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. When all this was completed, all Israel who had attended went out to the cities of Judah and broke up the sacred pillars, chopped down the Asherah poles, and tore down the high places and altars throughout Judah and Benjamin, as well as in Ephraim and Manasseh, to the last one.Then all the Israelites returned to their cities, each to his own possession. An Asherah pole was a sacred pole (or sometimes a tree) that was used in the worship of the pagan goddess Asherah. Now the sons of the prophets said to Elisha, “See, the place where we dwell under your charge is too small for us. Asherah is a Hebrew word for what was either a goddess or a cultic object or perhaps both. And Elijah said to Elisha, “Please stay here, for the Lord has sent me as far as Bethel.” But Elisha said, “As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I will not leave you.” So they went down to Bethel. He lays the beams of his chambers on the waters; he makes the clouds his chariot; he rides on the wings of the wind; he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire. L But because he was too afraid of his family and the men of the town to do it by day, he did it by night. Cite This Work And David spoke to the Lord the words of this song on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. Asherah, the moon goddess, was the principal female deity worshiped by ancient Syrians, Phoenicians, and Canaanites. Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the Lord has spoken: “Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. ‣ Hebrew Bible. An Asherah pole was a sacred pole (or sometimes a tree) that was used in the worship of the pagan goddess Asherah. So, we have a complicated picture of the Old Testament. And they pour out drink offerings to other gods, to provoke me to anger. This was the name of a "sensual Canaanitish goddess Astarte, the feminine of the" Assyrian Ishtar. They would encamp against them and devour the produce of the land, as far as Gaza, and leave no sustenance in Israel and no sheep or ox or donkey. Early versions of the Bible apparently featured a fertility godess, Asherah, who may have been God's wife, at least according to one British theologian.Back in 1967, historian Raphael Patai mentioned ancient Israelites worshiped both Yahweh and Asherah, according to Discovery. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. View results using the NASB Hebrew concordance. Deuteronomy 16:21 commands: You shall not plant any tree as a sacred pole [asherah] beside the altar that you make for the Lord your God…, For they also built for themselves high places, pillars, and sacred poles [asherim] on every high hill and under every green tree…. Asherah is closely connected with ASHTORETH and her worship, ( Judges 3:7) comp. Asherah was also identified as the moon goddess who belonged to the family of gods associated with Baal the sun god (Judges 3:7; 6:28).
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